Home TRAVEL TIPS Legal Protection Every Individual Who Travels Frequently Should Ensure

Legal Protection Every Individual Who Travels Frequently Should Ensure

There are several reasons why people travel. Sometimes they may go to another city or state for work or leisure or maybe for medical treatment. There are many people who like traveling and it is their hobby too. But no matter the reason, when you decide to travel you must make yourself aware of what laws exist in that particular country, because if not then you might get in trouble.

Know and follow international traffic rules

One of the most common causes of road accidents is that the motorist does not know traffic rules. This will be a problem in almost all countries, and it is necessary to keep this in mind while traveling. This also means that if one gets into an accident, one is more likely to be held responsible for causing it. Whether you are a tourist or a local, you should not run away from your responsibility; otherwise, you will be facing more severe punishment for hit-and-run. An excellent piece of advice from an experienced hit and run lawyer in Denver is to stay at the accident scene so you can provide assistance if needed, and exchange registration and insurance information with the other party. Also, being familiar with local laws regarding speed limits, turning at intersections, or driving on particular sides of the road can help prevent accidents leading to injuries or even death.

Paying attention when driving is essential. Not slowing down at corners can lead to loss of control which may result in increased chances for accidents occurring due to lack of proper care and safety measures taken by the driver behind the wheel.  

Protection from arbitrary arrest and detention 

The right to be free from arbitrary arrest and detention is set out in Article 9(1), which states that “No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest or detention”. The ICCPR requires that any deprivation of liberty must be lawful. This means that it can only be carried out pursuant to a court order (arrest warrant) issued either by a competent judicial authority or by an administrative decision backed up by an appropriate procedure under domestic law. Furthermore, no interference with his privacy, family, home, or correspondence is permitted, except as provided by law.

In addition, it has been held that to lawfully deprive a person of their personal liberty under Article 9(1), authorities must afford the detainee access to a court and a fair trial in which they may challenge the lawfulness of their arrest or detention. This is often referred to as “habeas corpus” rights for detainees because it entitles them to challenge the legality of any deprivation of their liberty by state authorities before a court of law. The right also prohibits arbitrary interference with one’s privacy, family, home, and correspondence, subject only to reasonable limitations prescribed by domestic law in accordance with international human rights standards.

Protection from torture and cruel treatment

The ICCPR provides that no one may be subjected to “cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment”. This concept is known as an “absolute right” because it can never be derogated under any circumstances. With the exception of certain limitations such as the death penalty, this absolute right prohibits more than physical brutality; it includes other acts which do not involve violence but cause serious mental harm or suffering to the victim. For example, sentences in which a person is held in isolation for prolonged time periods in order to coerce disclosure or as a form of punishment or retaliation may amount to cruel and degrading treatment, and the use of prolonged solitary confinement even for protection purposes is now considered an impermissible practice under Article 7. This means that a person arrested or detained on a criminal charge has the right not to be subjected to such treatment; there should at no time an instance of physical coercion be used against them nor should psychological coercion such as intimidation, threats, or other forms of duress or coercion, moral or otherwise (ICCPR Art 7). 

Protection from incriminating oneself 

Everyone has the right not to be compelled to testify against himself or to confess guilt (ICCPR Art 14(3)). This international law is similar to the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution concerning the due process. It generally stipulates that ‘No person… shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself.  So when testifying in court, an individual has the right not to incriminate themself. This means they are free from being forced to say anything against their own interests. However, people who are suspects of crimes often have no choice but to testify in court, even if it may end up incriminating them in some way. For example, if a suspect has committed a crime and the only evidence police have is testimony from someone who witnessed it happen, then they must put forward the suspect in court for the witness to be questioned. This can mean that people who are simply witnesses become suspects because their testimonies may not match up with what the police know about the case, which is why they must be brought forward to explain themselves.

Every individual who is protected under international laws should ensure that he/she has legal protection based on these human rights. This type of protection is very important for people who travel frequently because they might go outside of their country and into foreign territory where they are not protected like at home. For example, if an individual goes overseas then that person’s home country does not have jurisdiction over them in the foreign nation.   If you would like to know more about any of these clauses please visit an online human rights library, or contact your local human rights advocacy agency.